There is no doubt that the current food crisis, the current food crisis is the result of the permanent pressure exerted from the 1960s to the agricultural model of the green revolution, including trade liberalization and structural adjustment policies imposed on poor countries by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund, since the 1970s. These recipes of policies were reinforced in the mid 1990s with the establishment of the World Trade Organization and, more recently, through a farrago of bi-laterales agreements of free trade and investment. Along with a package of other measures, they have dismantled relentlessly tariffs and other instruments that developing countries had to protect its local agricultural production, and were forced to open their markets and land speculators, global agribusiness and food exports subsidized from rich countries. In that process, the fertile lands were converted from food production for supply to a local market to the production of global commodities for export or crop of station and high value to supply Western supermarkets. Today, approximately 70% of the so-called developing countries are net importers of food. And the 845 million people with hunger in the world, 80% are small farmers and farmers.
If this is added to the readjustment of the credit and financial markets to create a huge industry of debt, without control over investors, the seriousness of the problem becomes clear. Definitely, the agricultural policy has lost contact with its most fundamental objective of feeding people total. Hunger hurts, and people are desperate. The world of United Nations food programme estimates that there are about 100 million people more than they can not eat because of the spectacular rise in prices recently this has to Governments looking for frantically how to protect the system. The lucky ones who have stocks for export are withdrawing from the world market to separate their domestic prices of international astronomical prices. With the case of wheat, the export ban on it or the restrictions applied in Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine and Argentina, it means that a third of the world market has been closed. The situation with rice is even worse.
China, Indonesia, Viet Nam, Egypt, India and Cambodia have banned or severely restricted exports, leaving a few sources of supply for export, mainly Thailand and United States. Countries like Bangladesh can even buy rice needing today due to the high price of the same. If Venezuelan, is crucial to the Government which has given way to the Bolivarian revolution, under the Presidency of Hugo Chavez, manifests more attentive of the agrarian policy of the country that has left much to say, so far the country more dependent has done with others in the import of agricultural products, which should have been planted and not import it into a very serious cost of Venezuelan agriculture and the inhabitants of the country. Venezuela is possessing of fertile soils and a favourable climate to date is forced to import more than 70% of food. The following example is argues in favour of the reform: in one of the estates of 70 thousand hectares is maintained just 4,000 head of cattle, while an optimal flock to such an area should be 50 or 60 thousand heads. These are the actual reserves of considerable increase of meat production. Milk and other products.