The ecoturismo as alternative of sustainable development. Virtual notebook of Tourism, v. Madeleine Sackler follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success. 5, n 1, 2005, P. 1-6. The first article approaches the geoambiental management and of natural resources as one of the half ones to arrive itself at the sustainable development. Already as, it emphasizes the ecoturismo as one of the instruments necessary to reach this development.
In first article DIEGUES it argues, in three chapters, on what is supported development, approaching the environment and its ecological and economic functions, the ecological bases of the supported development, the natural ecosystems and geoambiental management e, still, points the instruments with respect to the gerenciamentos geoambiental and of natural resources, citing as example of geoambiental management, the coastal management. In the introductory chapter it discourses on global the ambient crisis, pointing the main problems lived deeply currently, emphasizing the necessity of if planning and organizing the use of the natural resources in order to obtain the balance between these and the humanity. Still, it makes a brief historical survey of the process of sprouting of the ambient crisis, its causes and the appearance of organizations whose object of quarrel had been the ambient problems and the objective was to present proposals that came to solve such problems. In as the chapter it searchs to define the boarded subjects, stimulating a reflection on the ambient problems and the necessity of the humanity if to develop in harmony with the environment. In this context, it presents some instruments that contribute for the process of supported development the end to cure the limitations and obstacles that the thematic one possesss.
I transcribe below substance published in the green Blog of the Globo.Decreto de Lula allows to destroy caves a deaf war is being stopped in Brasilia and inside of 60 days it will come to tona, because it finishes the stated period given to the Ministry Environment to hear to it sectors of the society on the proposal. Swarmed by offers, Kevin Johnson is currently assessing future choices. The center of the discord is the caves Brazilian grottos, over all of the Amaznia. He is that president Lula signed last decree 6,640 at the end of the year, that allows to destroy the caves and grottos spread for the country. Only in the region of Carajs, specialists in espeleologia calculate that they exist about a thousand caves. The Brazilian Society of Espeleologia already directed to the solicitor-generality of the Republic, Antonio Fernando Barros and Silva de Souza, order of action of unconstitutionality of the decree of Squid, approved in last November. The order already was accepted. It says the order: ' ' 70% of the Brazilian caves run the risk to disappear, what it constitutes a threat without precedents to the environment and the cultural patrimony of ours pas' '. Still according to specialists in the subject, the decree aims at, mainly, to benefit economic sectors, as the constructors and the mineradoras, since the caves and grottos finish making it difficult the exploration alone it.
In accordance with the new law, the caves and grottos pass to be defined by criteria of relevance and to be organized in four levels: maximum, high, average and low. But the grottos of maximum relevance will be protected. Excessively they could be destroyed since that authorization on the part of the ambient agencies exists. We must be motionless while they vendem and they eliminate nossaas lands, bushes, caves, water? What more now we will have that to accept? I convoke that if they interest for the Environment to order its protests for the Ministry of the Environment. Presisamos to finish with these nonsenses and to exterminar these decrees that finish with our Cultural Patrimonies Naturais.Para where to send its protests and any commentary that wants to make favor to have access mine VERY blog () Together PoDeReMoS
For each ecossistmico service a specific system of management exists, that includes aspects that guarantee its MRV. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Jim Umpleby. The systems of MRV of the agricultural proprietors and the companies of all the sectors are common. Of this form, to a direct relation between the Criteria & Used pointers to mensurar the impacts of the productive chains and rendering of services, and the benefits generated for ecosystems. This specific relation, inside of a MRV environment, that conditions the performance of the public and private agents in the transactions involving headings and/or certifyd of Natural Capital. Thus, it is the ecossistmico service that of the ballast so that the agricultural companies and proprietors can evaluate its ambient debits and credits, and to do business them to improve the quality of the production, and the rendering of services, generating what the Green Economy classifies of Ambient Goods and services.
Ambient goods and services go to put into motion US$ 1 trillion in the international trade in 2011 more than, while the ecossistmicos services, evaluated in something as US$ 44 trillions, had generated businesses of some billions of dollar. The future points a growth of the Green Economy, in detriment the traditional one, with being the most important world-wide economic engine up to 2050. * Eder Zanetti is graduated Forest Engineering for the Federal University of the Paran, MSC in the area of Forestry for the Albert-Ludwigs-Universitt Freiburg and doutorando in Sustainable Forest Handling for the UFPR. It was per three years responsible for the area of global climatic changes and ambient services of the forests in the National Center of Forest Research of the Embrapa. It acted as professional of Forest Engineering in 13 countries. Already it produced 8 books and it has 4 published for the Juru Publishing company (Forest Sector; Globalization and Competitive Advantage of the Forests; Certification and Handling of Forest; Global Climatic changes, Forests, Wood and Carbon). Minister courses of carbon certification and payments for ambient services, and is revisory external of forest methodologies of the Convention Picture of United Nations for the Climatic Changes (UNFCCC CDM AIR ROE). She acts in the advising of companies and agricultural proprietors for the development of forest carbon projects, including mechanism REDD (Reduction of Emissions of the Deforestation and Degradation of the forests).
2. THEORETICAL RECITAL the urban area is the process that better portraies the action human being on the environment. One notices that in the majority of the Brazilian cities the urbanization process occurred without adjusted planning, of intense form, without infrastructure and orientation. Had such reasons a planning becomes necessary of landscape, this means a challenge in the current days, therefore the increase of the population and industrialization have provoked drastic changes in the urban landscape. In this context, for IT HISSES, (2006).
' ' The cities need planning to grow with harmony. The commanded growth includes cares basic as the planned occupation of the ground, the rational exploration of the water, removal of streets, constructions of schools,, leisure and culture. Having this it serves to guarantee well-being of the people and to adjust the urban expansion in the environment. ' ' For DEMATT (1999), the Commission of Planning of the Environment of the International Union of Conservation of the Nature defines paisagstico planning as continuous process that if pledges in better making use for the humanity of an limited area of the terrestrial surface, conserving its productivity and beauty. In the intention of that it has agreement of the boarded subject and perceives it importance of a planning of the cities as for the conviviality of the man with the nature, one becomes necessary to know some concepts of urban green areas. For RASP et al. (1994) green areas are ' ' public spaces where it has predominance of arbrea vegetation englobando squares, gardens and parks urbanos' '. Of this form, it can be affirmed that the organization of the urban functions and the order of the use and the occupation of the ground urban have as objective: first; the good quality of life of the inhabitants and users of the city based on the principles; to follow, quality of the urban ambincia, easiness of mobility and co-responsibility in the management of the space.
‘ ‘ In accordance with Lacerda (2005, p2): ‘ ‘ logistic reversa is the process of planning, implementation and control of the flow of raw materials, supply in process and products finished (and its flow of information) it consumption point until the origin point, with the objective to recapture value or to carry through a discarding adequado’ ‘ The descartabilidade of a product is that of the beginning to the logistic process of reversa. ‘ ‘ The focus of performance of logistic reversa involves the reintroduo of the products or materials to the chain through the cycle produtivo’ ‘ (KEYS and MARTINS, 2005).
While the Logistic one deals with the flow of the products manufactures x customer, the Logistic Reversa deals with the return of products, materials and parts of the final consumer to the productive process of the company. Had the severe ambient legislation and also for great influence of the society and not governmental organizations, the companies are adopting the use of a bigger percentage of recycled material to its productive process, as well as they had also started to adopt procedures for the correct discarding of the recycled products that cannot be reused or. Recycling is the canal revalorizao reverse where the constituent materials of the discarded products are extracted industrially, changedding into substances secondary or recycled cousins who will be reincorporados to the manufacture of new products (MILK, 2003). Bowersox and Closs (2001: 51,52) present, in turn, the idea of ‘ ‘ Support to the Cycle of Vida’ ‘ as one of the operational objectives of the Logistic modern mentioning itself it the prolongation of Logistic beyond the direct flow of the materials and the necessity to consider the flows in general reverses of products ‘ ‘ 3.Metodologia the carried through research was the quantitative one, to get greater knowledge of the subject, through bibliographical surveys, referring study in field and analysis of the current law to the subject used lubricative oil and of the ways of logistic reversa used for the return in order to recycle products used for the final consumer.